Listed in alphabetical order.
Area Spa (Italy)
Internet Surveillance System
The Italian company was constructing a $17.9 million internet surveillance system in Syria while the atrocities were ongoing. The system would allow the regime to intercept, search, and catalog every email sent inside the country. It would also allow the regime to inspect and archive mobile phone and internet service provider traffic. This would allow the regime to easily identify, track, and attack civilians for their internet activity.
NetApp (USA): NetApp technology would allow the system to archive email messages. Transmitted via NetApp’s Italian subsidiary to an authorized vendor in Italy, who resold the technology to Area SpA for $3.5 million.
Qosmos (France): Qosmos technology would inspect emails and reconstruct all activity on an internet user’s screen.
Ultimaco Safeware AG (Germany): provided gear for area to connect tapped lines to monitoring center computers.
Sophos (U.K.): controls Ultimaco Safeware AG
Hewlett Packard (USA): provided servers and desktop computers worth over $500,000, which underpinned the entire project. HP stated that Area SpA likely procured the technology from an HP partner that was not informed of their ultimate destination.
Finmeccanica (Italy) & Intracom-Telecom (Greece)
Mobile Communication Equipment & Training
This communication and encryption technology and training may have strengthened the regime’s aerial forces, a central part of the regime’s perpetration of crimes against humanity. In May 2011, FinMeccanica reportedly delivered the technology named Tetra, including 500 hand held radios and encryption technology, to Damascus. In February 2012, engineers entered Damascus to train Syrian technicians on using the technology in helicopter terminals.
Greece: a subsidiary of Finmeccanica, Selex Elsag, sold the technology to the Syrian unit of a Greek company named Intracom-Telecom.
The United States: Finmeccanica and Intracom-Telecom both have subsidiaries in the United States, and Finmeccanica has secured a number of U.S. federal contracts.