Stop the Atrocity Supply Chain

For two years, countries and commercial entities have successfully provided the Assad regime with the munitions, supplies, and money they need to sustain their brutal campaign. Human Rights First’s report, The Enablers of the Syrian Conflict: How Targeting Third Parties Can Slow the Atrocities in Syria, marks the two-year anniversary of the conflict in Syria and provides the most comprehensive look at these “enablers” of Syrian atrocities. As the U.S. government and other countries consider options in response to the Syrian crisis, they should use this roadmap to stem the bloodshed there by choking the flow of arms, resources, and money flowing to President Bashar al-Assad.

Read the Report

Stop the Atrocity Supply Chain

Enablers of Mass Atrocities


The Syrian crisis is a human rights catastrophe.

Today, over 70,000 Syrians have been killed — mostly civilians, over 4000 children. And the number is mounting with no end in sight.

Mass atrocities are complex, organized crimes. The Assad regime requires the assistance of “enablers” – governments, commercial entities, and individuals that provide resources, goods, services, or other support that sustain the commission of atrocities.

Together, these enablers form a supply chain that fuels Assad’s crimes against humanity.

Human Rights First has been tracking enablers of Assad’s atrocities. This project maps that supply chain and provides a roadmap for the United States to disrupt them.

Our Report

In our latest report, Enablers of the Syrian Conflict How Targeting Third Parties Can Slow the Atrocities in Syria, Human Rights First found that enablers of Syrian atrocities include the country’s large allies but also smaller countries and commercial entities as well:

Russia, North Korea, and Iran have provided the Assad regime military weapons, fuel, and financial assistance.

Venezuela, Angola, and private entities in Georgia, Lebanon, and Cyprus sent diesel fuel.

Private companies in Italy, the United States, and Greece provided communications and surveillance technology—some of which relied on American-based telecommunications platforms.

The threats to regional security make the Syrian crisis a vital threat to U.S. national security interests. But U.S. efforts to slow or stop the crisis—diplomacy and sanctions, primarily—have had little effect. The United States can more effectively stem atrocities in Syria by systematically isolating, pressuring, and disrupting its enablers.

Click here to download our report: Enablers of the Syrian Conflict How Targeting Third Parties Can Slow the Atrocities in Syria